The Turkish lira on Monday clawed back some of its steep losses from Friday, its worst day since the currency crisis took hold in August, after the central bank and government issued a series of promises and warnings to stem any further weakness.
At 0910 GMT, the lira stood at 5.64 against the US dollar, more than 2 percent stronger than Friday's close. The lira had weakened to as much as 5.8490 on Friday before rebounding to settle at 5.7625, still its worst closing value since October.
The central bank vowed on Monday to use all its tools to stabilize prices and it did not open foreign-exchange repo or depo auctions, seen as "back door" tightening measures analysts said provided some measure of relief.
On the weekend, President Tayyip Erdogan warned that bankers would pay "a very heavy price" if they buy foreign currencies expecting the lira to fall, while financial regulators opened three separate probes into JPMorgan and other banks for providing misinformation and stoking volatility.
The lira's apparent fragility had echoes of last year's full blown currency crisis that eventually tipped the Turkey's economy into recession, and raised concerns that Turks were buying more foreign cash as ties with Washington deteriorated.
The lira still remains "extremely vulnerable" to shocks and investors are "a bit jittery" despite Monday's gains, said Jason Tuvey, senior emerging markets economist at Capital Economics. "Geopolitical concerns and any comments from Erdogan regarding monetary policy, if he tries to say the central bank should reverse course, then the lira may come under pressure again," he said.
Turkey's main BIST 100 share index slid 0.38 percent, while the banks sector fell 3.60 percent, after tumbling Friday to its lowest close since January. It was dragged lower in part by a global selloff Monday in emerging-market stocks over growing fears of a possible US recession.
Overhanging the market volatility are March 31 local elections for which Erdogan has been campaigning hard for his AK Party. Last year, the Turkish government cast the crisis - in which the lira lost some 30 percent against the dollar - as an economic attack by foreign powers and encouraged Turks to buy lira to stop the weakening. At an election rally on Sunday, Erdogan said "some people" had begun provoking Turkey and were attempting to make the lira decline against foreign currencies.